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Archive for the ‘Floriculture’ Category

The Floriculture Industry

Thursday, April 14th, 2011

When it comes to consumer floral transactions, they usually take place at retail florist shops, supermarkets, and garden centers. In addition, floral sales via the Internet have also increased in the past few years. However, just as the industry continues to grow, it must also confront challenges affecting how the industry conducts business on a global scale.

According to statistics, the floral industry grows at a rate of almost $2 billion dollars per year, with the per capita spending at the retail level averaging about $55 per person. Even with the economic challenges of fluctuating values in foreign currencies, the current retail estimate of the floriculture industry is said to be over $20 billion, with Central and South American countries as the top suppliers to the United States market. Exports of cut flowers to the United States are dominated by Columbia and Ecuador, who together account for approximately 77% of the total U.S. imports. These two countries supply 95% of the roses that are imported into the U.S., as well as 94% of chrysanthemums, and 99% of carnations. The reasons Columbia and Ecuador far surpass other countries include almost year-round growing seasons, and relatively low investment costs. The third-largest grower, the Netherlands, also has extended growing seasons due to its attention to production of cut flowers under glass.

One challenge facing the industry, as well as the rest of the country, is the green movement and conflicting definitions of “organic” and “green-friendly” products. The declining use of pesticides is seen as an asset to the industry; however, immigration issues are seen as a liability to the industry as it affects the labor force needed for harvest. Ultimately, for success in the industry, changes and challenges must be faced head-on in order for floral businesses to continue to prosper and grow.

How The Floriculture Works

Tuesday, August 11th, 2009

The floriculture is a dynamic, fast-growing industry happening on a global scale. Floriculture is one of the major industries in many developing and underdeveloped countries. Floriculture as an industry began in the late 1800s in England, where flowers were grown on a large scale on the vast estates. The countries with the biggest flower-growing industry are The Netherlands, Kenya, Colombia, and Israel, but many other nations such as The Philippines, Malaysia, South Africa, and Ecuador are joining the market and investing in the industry. Although most of them grow the bestselling flowers – roses, tulips, sunflowers, carnations, iris, daisies, orchids, lilacs, and lilies – many are starting to explore hybrids and other indigenous crops.

Essentially, there are three branches that make up the basic structure of the floriculture. The grower is the one who grows the flowers; the wholesaler, who is the middleman between the grower and the seller; and the retailer, which is your local flower shop. Quite often, these three branches are intermingled. Some retail florists such as Island Rose in the Philippines grow their own flowers in greenhouses and sell the product straight to the market. They work as the grower, the wholesaler and retailer. Major flower companies sell flowers in such large quantities that they order directly from the grower, omitting the middleman.

When flowers are ordered from a wholesaler or a grower, they take various routes to the buyer, depending on the flower type, the area where they are grown, and how they will be sold. Some floriculturists cut and pack flowers right at the nurseries and send them directly to the buyer through mail. Some flowers are sent to a packing company that grades them and organizes them into bunches to deliver through mail or to send directly to supermarkets or flower shops. Some growers grade and sleeve the flowers themselves before selling them to wholesale markets. The wholesalers then sell the flowers to florists who prime and arrange the flowers for their customers. If you know where to go, you can buy flowers at wholesalers even if you aren’t a florist.

The floriculture works like a simple value chain: growers grow flowers, suppliers obtain them, then the flowers are sold to retailers or to wholesalers before consumers buy them in bunches or bouquets. There are different kinds of careers open in the floriculture. Among the entry-level occupations are floral shop helpers, who perform various duties in a flower shop; delivery people, who deliver flowers right to the home of the flower shop’s customers; floral designers, who make creative arrangements out of the flowers for events such as weddings, birthdays, or funerals; and salespersons, who sells fresh cut flowers and other flower-related goods at the shop. Mid-level occupations include the assistant manager, who is responsible for coordinating sales, design, delivery, and taking charge of the office.