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Archive for May, 2012

Agriculture News

Tuesday, May 29th, 2012

Agriculture ministers from the world’s richest countries are holding an unprecedented meeting this weekend as the United Nations warns that hunger threatens to “spiral out of control” in the wake of the financial crisis.

It is the first time that the agriculture ministers of the G8 leading economies have held such a meeting, and they have invited their counterparts from China, India, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, Australia, Argentina and Egypt to join them in Treviso “to work out a common route to lead us out of the crisis and respond to the world food emergency”.

The UN’s World Food Programme warned: “As the global financial crisis deepens, hunger and malnutrition are likely to increase as incomes fall and unemployment rises. The world is at a critical juncture where we risk watching hunger spiral out of control. We cannot afford to lose the next generation.”

The crisis began even before the start of the credit crunch, at a time of record harvests. About two years ago food prices started to rise abruptly, despite the bumper crops, mainly because of the increased use of corn to make biofuel, particularly in the US, and increasing meat consumption — which mops up grain supplies to feed livestock — by the rising middle classes in developing countries such as India and China. Prices of wheat and corn doubled in a year — and rice more than trebled — leading to the first steep and sustained rise in hunger in decades.

A record crop last year did not help much. It brought the cost of grain down in rich countries, which saw most of the increased production, but not in developing ones where the poor live, partly because their currencies fell against the dollar in which international prices are set.

Yet it led to farmers in Europe and the US planting less this year because they can expect lower returns at a time when it is harder than ever to get loans. The US Department of Agriculture reported this month that 7 per cent less land is being used to grow wheat, in a country that helps to supply 100 nations around the world.

All this means, says the Food and Agriculture Organization, that harvests are set to fall his year “in most of the world’s major producers”. The UN adds that it would cost $6bn (4bn pounds) to stave off the resulting hunger, which would be “relatively inexpensive compared to the trillion-dollar rescue packages designed to save financial institutions.

Value Added Products From Banana

Tuesday, May 29th, 2012

Through the proccessing of bananas it is possible to obtain dried bananas, also called banana “chips”, banana puree as the basis for baby food or for dairy products, banana flour and powder, banana juice or even banana alcohol

Apart from being a very important food product, banana products and by-products have other many different uses and applications:

Banana fiber

It is used for handicraft and art in baskets, carpets and so on. The fiber is also used for the manufacturing of banana paper.

Animal feeding

Bananas which do not arrive to fulfill quality requirements for export and banana waste may be used for animal feeding.

Banana leaves

They are used for wrapping food when cooking in many countries.

Medicinal use

Bananas are considered to be good for the treatment of gastric ulcer and diarrhoea. Because they contain vitamin A, bananas and plantains act as an aid to digestion. Due to their high content of B6 vitamin, they help to reduce stress and anxiety. They are also considered benefitial for cancer prevention and heart diseases. The high content of carbohydrates makes of them a very good source of energy, for example, for people practising sports. Potassium helps to better brain fonctioning.

The change in consumer eating habits has given place to new preferences as consumers in developed countries have become more sophisticated and more exigent with the bananas they demand, as it has happened with produce and food consumption in general.

At present consumers are interested in many additional issues. Consumers are becoming increasingly aware of the health and nutritive benefits of eating more fresh fruit. They are also more interested in dietary issues, consuming more low fat and sugar food, what favours consumption of fruits. The campaign 5 a day launched by Produce for Better Health Foundation in USA, and extended later all over the world, is trying to encourage the consumption of fruit on health grounds following this trend towards healthy products . However, the potential for fruit consumption increases based on health reasons is still high since the intake of fruit is still bellow the recommended levels.